*Dr. John Lea-Cox*

*Professor, Nursery and Greenhouse Research, Extension Specialist*

*Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture*
*2120, Plant Science Building | (4291 Field House Drive) *

*University of Maryland*

*College Park, MD 20742-4452*

*Office (301) 405-4323*

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*Skype: john.lea-cox*

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---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Mary Zaki <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Fri, Oct 5, 2018 at 4:29 PM
Subject: AREC's 2018 Farm Bill Update: The Farm Bill Has Expired. What now?
To: Mary Zaki <[log in to unmask]>

2018 Farm Bill Update: 10/5/2018

Mary Zaki

University of Maryland

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

University of Maryland Extension

*The Deadline Has Passed, What Programs Have Stopped Operating?*
The September 30th deadline has come and gone with no new Farm Bill nor
extension to the 2014 Farm Bill. Hence, several programs no longer have a
budget and can no longer operate (see our last update
The figure below from the Congressional Research Service
<> provides
the list of the 39 programs spanning ten Farm Bill Titles that have ceased
operation (either partially or fully) as a result of the expiration of the
2014 Farm Bill. These programs represent 100% of Rural Development
spending, 71% of Energy Title spending, 50% of Research Title spending and
25% of Horticulture Title spending.

Source: CRS Report R44758, Farm Bill Programs Without a Budget Baseline
Beyond FY2018.

Furthermore, there are programs that no longer have the authority to
operate fully beyond the deadline (despite availability of funding).  Among
them are two major conservation programs, the Conservation Reserve Program
(CRP) and the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), which are no longer
accepting or processing new applications
<>. Among
conservation programs, the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
and the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program are currently still
operational due to a prior budget agreement and carryover funds,
respectively, as reported in Agri-Pulse

*Current Status of Negotiations*

The "Big Four" agriculture leaders in Congress: Senate Agriculture
Committee Chairman Pat Roberts, R-Kan., ranking member Debbie Stabenow,
D-Mich., House Agriculture Committee Chairman Michael Conaway, R-Texas, and
ranking member Collin Peterson, D-Minn., have most recently met on Thursday
of this week. These negotiators are not close to a compromise according to
media reports. Specifically, Politico's Morning Agriculture
reports that the current impasse in negotiations is concerning provisions
in the Commodity title of the House bill that would favor subsidy
distributions to farmers of the Southern Plains (e.g., cotton farmers) over
farmers of other regions. Rep. Conway, who has a significant cotton farmer
constituency in Texas, is receiving pushback for his resistance to
compromise on this House provision from Sen. Stabenow as well as mid-West
Republican Sen, Chuck Grassley of Iowa. Chuck Grassley also stated in a
on Tuesday of this week that for a Farm Bill to pass before December, Rep.
Conway and other House Republicans would have to back away from their
provisions on SNAP work requirements, cotton subsidies and the removal of
payment limitations.

*Calendar for the Farm Bill or Extension*

If no compromise is made in the coming week, then the next opportunity for
a move on a new Farm Bill or an extension to the 2014 Farm Bill will not
occur until after the November elections, as the House is in recess until